Isotretinoin 5mg Capsules (Tretiva)
ISOTRETINOIN belongs to a class of drugs called retinoids (a synthetic form of vitamin A) primarily used to treat a severe form of acne known as nodular acne that cannot be cleared by any other treatments, including antibiotics. Nodular acne is severe acne that occurs due to excessive production of oil in the skin cells, causing swollen, red and tender lumps in the skin. Acne nodules are larger in size than typical pimples.
ISOTRETINOIN contains ‘isotretinoin’, a form of vitamin A that works by reducing sebum (skin’s natural oil) production on the skin’s surface by decreasing the activity and size of sebaceous glands. Thereby unblocks pores and kills acne-causing bacteria.
Take ISOTRETINOIN as prescribed. Your doctor will advise you on how often you need to take ISOTRETINOIN based on your medical condition. Some people may experience chapped lips, dryness of skin, eyes, nose, or lips. Most of these side effects of ISOTRETINOIN do not require medical attention and gradually resolve over time. However, if the side effects persist or worsen, please consult your doctor.
If you are known to be allergic to ISOTRETINOIN or any other medicines, please tell your doctor. Do not take ISOTRETINOIN if you are pregnant or breastfeeding as it may cause adverse effects on the baby. If you have depression or any suicidal thoughts while taking ISOTRETINOIN or after stopping treatment with ISOTRETINOIN, please consult a doctor. Avoid sun exposure while using ISOTRETINOIN as it may make the skin more sensitive to sunlight and cause sunburn. Wear protective clothing and use sunscreen while going out to protect your skin from sunburn.
Uses of ISOTRETINOIN
- Treatment of Acne
ISOTRETINOIN is a synthetic form of vitamin A used to treat a severe form of acne. ISOTRETINOIN reduces sebum (skin’s natural oil) production on the skin’s surface by decreasing the activity and size of sebaceous glands. Thereby unblocking pores and killing acne-causing bacteria. Also, ISOTRETINOIN reduces swelling in the skin.
Directions for Use
Take ISOTRETINOIN with food or as advised by the doctor. Swallow it as a whole with a glass of water. Do not break, crush or chew it.
Store in a cool and dry place away from sunlight
Side Effects of ISOTRETINOIN
- Chapped lips
- Dryness of skin, eyes, nose or lips
Avoid consumption of alcohol with ISOTRETINOIN as it may increase the risk of liver damage and cause a rise in cholesterol levels.
ISOTRETINOIN is a Category X pregnancy drug and is considered unsafe for pregnant women as it may cause severe birth defects. Please consult a doctor if you are pregnant or planning for pregnancy.
ISOTRETINOIN may be excreted in breast milk and cause adverse effects in the baby. Please consult a doctor before using ISOTRETINOIN while breastfeeding.
ISOTRETINOIN may cause reduced night vision in some patients. Therefore, drive only if you alert after taking ISOTRETINOIN.
ISOTRETINOIN is usually not recommended for patients with impaired liver function. If you have any concerns regarding the use of ISOTRETINOIN in patients with liver problems, please consult a doctor.
If you have any concerns regarding the use of ISOTRETINOIN in patients with kidney problems, please consult a doctor.
OTHER BRANDS OF ISOTRETINOIN
Diet & Lifestyle Advise
- Regular exercise can improve your mood and self-esteem though it doesn’t clear acne. Take a shower immediately after finishing exercise as sweat may irritate acne.
- Avoid sun exposure while using ISOTRETINOIN as it may make the skin more sensitive to sunlight and cause sunburn. Wear protective clothing and use sunscreen while going out to protect your skin from sunburn.
- Do regular hair wash and avoid contact of hair with the face.
- Remove the make-up completely before going to bed.